The settlement of South Australia commences with the emigration of East Prussian Lutherans who left their lands due to Religious oppression. The King, Frederick 111, tried to reform the Lutheran followers by printing catechisms for the populace and teaching manuals for the clergy. Those who did not conform were jailed. The two prominent East Prussian clergymen who were instrumental in the migration to South Australia were Pastors Kavel and Fritzsche.
South Australia was a free colony and the British government wanted the distribution of land to be ordered and not distributed to convicts in a haphazard manner as did occur on the East Coast.
The responsibility to do this was given to George Fife Angas and the newly formed, South Australian Company.
German immigration commenced in 1838 some two years after the formation of Adelaide. Pastor Kavel's congregation of over 200 persons arrived at Pt. Misery, now Pt. Adelaide and passed through the first German settlement in South Australia, named Klemzig after a town in East Prussia.
An artist's impression of Klemzig is shown on the front cover.
Klemzig was approximately eight kilometres from the centre of Adelaide on the banks of the River Torrens. It could be reach by dirt track or travelling up the river. Some German emigrants spent up to twelve months in Klemzig before finding their destination which could include Hahndorf, Verdun, Lobethal, Bethany, Langmiel, Light Pass, Mataranga, Krondorf or Angaston. They constructed cottages using the gum slab technique with thatched roofing. The passing through Klemzig also included German vignerons who purchased land as their destination.
The German settlement of Klemzig acted as a staging post for early settlement in South Australia.
The image of wine below, will remind us of the contribution of immigration of not only the German but also the English, Scottish and other Europeans.
Format: Paperback Dimensions: Custom (210mm x 260mm) Pages: 174 pgs